Jerusalem: SOLOMON’S TEMPLE
To ready the Jerusalem site for the Enlil’s temple, Israel’s King David, whom Enlil forbade to build the temple, readied its site for his successor, Solomon. David had thirty-three hundred foremen guide seventy thousand carriers and eighty thousand stonecutters in the hills as they took large blocks of quality stone for the Temple’s foundation.
Solomon built Enlil-Yahweh’s first permanent temple on huge stones–too heavy to move and fit in place without Anunnaki technology (so we know that’s how the stones were moved) in 957 BCE.
The Temple’s east-west axis aligned with the equinox.
David gave Solomon a scale model and architectural drawings for the Temple.
Its east-west axis aligned with the equinox. David, gave Solomon a scale model and architectural drawings for the Temple.
Solomon set the temple so the sun at dawn entered the Tabernacle at spring and autumn equinoxes.
The temple featured a 100 x 200 foot main hall and a smaller room for Moses’ Arc. Solomon put the Ark on the rock where Abraham started to kill his son Isaac to prove himself loyal to Enlil. The new temple replaced the portable one Moses made in the desert, local sanctuaries and altars in the hills.
The Temple complex had a large basin (called the “Brazen Sea”) 10 cubits wide brim to brim, 5 cubits deep and with a circumference of 30 cubits around the brim on the backs of twelve oxen. The basin held 3,000 baths.
The Temple Palace, 40 cubits long, had walls lined with cedar, on carved with figures of cherubim, palm-trees and open flowers overlaid with gold. Fir-wood overlaid with gold covered the Temple floor. Olive-wood doorposts held doors, also of olive, boasted carved cherubim, palm-trees, and flowers, all being overlaid with gold.
Egypt’s Pharaoh Sheshonk I sacked the Temple a few decades later.
In 931, when Solomon,died, Abraham’s descendants split their turf into the kingdoms of Judea in the south, Israel on the north.
In 835 BCE Jehoash, King of Judah, renovated the Temple, but in 700. Assyrian King Sennacherib stripped it again. In 586, Nebuchadnezzer, Marduk’s Babylonian King, sacked Jerusalem and destroyed by the Temple.
In 539,Cyrus of Persia, whom Marduk welcomed, conquered Babylon and returned Nebuchadnezzar’s hostages to Jerusalem. Cyrus built the Second Temple from 538 to 515.
This second temple narrowly avoided being destroyed again in 332 BCE when the Jews refused recognize Macedonian King Alexander as a god. Ptolemies ruled Judea and the Temple from Egypt after Alexander died.
Seleucid King Antiochus III defeated Egypt in 198 BCE. He prompted a short-lived rebellion in 187 when he introduced Marduk-Zeus and the Greek pantheon into the temple. Antiochus IV Epiphanes again pushed the Greek gods for the Temple and, Antiochwhen the Jews again rebelled and Antiochus again crushed them, he again he forbade circumcision which marked Jews as followers of Enlil. Antiochus banned the Jewish Sabbath, put a statue of Zeus in their temple and had Greek priests sacrifice pigs there. When a Greek ordered Jewish priest Mattathias to perform a Hellenic sacrifice, Matathias killed him.
In 167 BCE the Jews rose up behind Mattathias and his five sons to fight and win their freedom from Seleucid authority. Mattathias’ son Judas Maccabeus re-dedicated the temple in 165 BCE and the Jews celebrate this event to this day as a major part of the festival of Hanukkah.
Judas Maccabaeus rededicated the Temple under Judas Maccabaeus in 164 BCE.
During the Roman era, Pompey entered (and desecrated) the Holy of Holies in 63 BCE, but left the Temple intact.
In 54 BCE, Crassus looted the Temple treasury Jews revolted again but Romans subdued them again in 43 BCE.