From ANUNNAKI, EVOLUTION OF THE GODS * amazon.com/Anunnaki-Sasha-Alex-Lessin-Ph-D/dp/1490334246
Click the Linkedin hotlink above; it’ll open into a dynamite show by Zecharia Sitchin student, Sasha Alex Lessin. The link’ll take you to a screen on Linkedin; click on it and enjoy the show.
The Anunnaki did not consider themselves gods. They told us to call them “Lords,” and later, to worship them as though they were gods.
ABRAHAM, ENLIL’S TOOL
General Abraham slavishly obeyed the Nibiran Enlil, Commander of the goldmining expedition from the planet Nibiru to Earth.
Enlil hid the vision that led him to choose Abraham as general of his cavalry. Abraham descended from our hybrid Homo Erectus-Nibiran-Homo sapien ancestors who slaved for the Nibirans. Nibiran scientists on Earth–Enki, Ninmah and Ningishzidda created our species. Their fellow mining personnel trained us hybirds to serve them in their temples, gardens, harems and armies. Abraham descended directly from Ziusudra (Noah), the son of Nibiran Chief Scientist Enki and Ziusudra’s son Shem.
In 8650 BCE Enlil ordered Shem’s descendants to rule Canaan, the area north of the Sinai Spaceport. But descendants of Shem’s brother Ham, whom Enlil ordered to stay to the south and west–in Africa (the rival Enkiite lineage’s area) took the Canaan strip of the Arabian Peninsula.
Enkiites Marduk and his son Nabu made allies among these Hamites for Marduk’s push to wrest the Sinai Spaceport from Enlil’s son’s son, Utu, Enlil’s boss of the astronauts and scientists running the spaceport.
Enlil chose Abraham, a Royal of Ur, who had married his half-sister, Princess Sarai (her name’s later changed to SARAH) as his principle Earthling agent. Abraham descended from Ziusudra’s son Shem, was perfect to re-establish Enlil’s rule of Canaan, protect Sinai and rule the Hamites.
Abraham’s father Terah served as High Priest in charge of Astronomical knowledge at the temple of Enlil’s son Nannar in Sumer’s capital, Ur. Terah trained son Abraham for unquestioned obedience to Enlil.
Enlil ran the gold transshipment to Nibiru and led the ENLILITES, the dominant lineage on Earth. Enlilites were the senior lineage in Nibiru’s Royal Clan descended from Nibiru’s King ANU.
Enlil commissioned Abraham to defeat the hybrid armies of Enlil’s rivals–the ENKIITE lineage (also within the Anu clan) on Earth. The Enkiites were led by Enlil’s half-brother Enki, Enki’s son Marduk and their descendants.
Enlil ordered Abraham, Regain control of Canaan and keep Marduk and the Enkiites from the Spaceport.
A vision from GALZU, Emissary of the Galactic Federation motivated Enlil to commission Abraham as his top general. Galzu ordered Enlil to choose Abraham, programmed to obey Enlil, to stop advances and preaching in Canaan and the Mediterranean ports by Marduk’s son NABU (also known as Ensag) that could win the Sinai Spaceport for the Enkiites. Enlil kept his vision secret, but chose Abraham to rule “all the lands from the border of Egypt to the border of Mesopotamia.” [Wars: 289 – 297]
In 2095 BCE, to give Abraham a base, Enlil ordered him and Terah to HARRAN [Turkey] at the foothills of the Taurus Mountains near the Syrian Border, where the Euphrates flowed to Ur. Abraham’s base, Harran, dominated trade with Hatti, land of the HITTITES, on whose trade Sumer depended. Harran straddled the trade and military land routes to the Sinai Spaceport as well.”
Enlil gave Abraham land and riches until he was the richest man of his time. In 2048 BCE Enlil ordered him to Canaan and to save Sinai . The Commander bought Abraham the best chariots, finest horses, 380 well-trained soldiers and weapons that “could smite an army of ten thousand men in hours.” Enlil sent Abraham, then 75 years old, and his nephew Lot to the Negev drylands bordering the Sinai [End of Days: 73].
ABRAHAM OFFERED WIFE SARAH TO EGYPT’S PHARAOH ZOAN
In 2047 BCE Enlil sent Abraham and Lot to Egypt for more men and camels. Abraham’s wife, Sarah, was “very beautiful. Abraham asked Sarah to say that she was only his sister lest the Egyptians kill him so that they can take her.” Pharaoh Zoan wanted Sarah. He showered Abraham with gifts of livestock and servants so Abraham would give him Sarah. Abraham let Pharaoh put her in his harem.
This enraged Enlil.
So Enlil sent a plague [he loosed germs on Egypt] to punish Pharaoh for taking Sarah, though Abraham told Pharaoh Sarah was his sister and hadn’t told him that Sarah was his wife.
When Zoan learned Sarah was Abraham’s wife, he returned her to him. Zoan feared Enlil would harm Egypt further if Abraham stayed there. The Pharaoh gave Abraham the Egyptian Princess Hagar as a second wife and ordered him, Sarah, Hagar and Abraham’s cavalry out of Egypt with all the wealth Abraham had acquired there.
Sarah taken to Pharoh Zoan’s harem.
In 2041 BCE Abraham and his cavalry blocked the Elamite cavalry from the Spaceport. The Elamites had overrun Sumer while Ninurta worked with his brother Adad/Viracocha in Peru, where they built an alternate Enlilite airstrip on the Nazca plains atop the Andes. Abraham rescued Lot, whom the Elamites, as they retreated west of the Jordan River, had taken hostage from the Nabu-friendly city of Sodom.
.Enlil, as a reward to Abraham for his help controlling Canaan, promised him, at age 86, countless descendants. But old Sarah didn’t conceive with him. So she told him to beget a child with Hagar.
ABRAHAM ALSO OFFERED SARAH TO CANAAN’S KING ABIMELECH
After the nuclear cloud killed Sumer and Abraham emigrated Canaan. There, Abraham offered old wife Sarah to the pro-Enlil King Abimelech of Gerar. Abraham told Abimelech, “She’s my sister.”
After the Enlilites nuked Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeblim and the Salt Sea, Abraham moved to Canaan, but to avoid the hills overlooking the region whose populace he’d identified for bombing, he moved south, to Gerar, realm of King Abimelech.
Abraham told Abimelech, as he had Egypt’s pro-Enlilite Pharaoh Zoan, that Sarah was his sister. “Abraham’s concern was not because Sarah looked like a young beauty at 90 years of age; it was because Abimelech was one of the richest and most influential men of the region. In that day, a harem was more a political statement than a romantic statement.” [http://www.enduringword.com/commentaries/0120.htm]
Abraham offered Sarah to Abimelech
“However, Enlil made Sarah infertile, and though she lived awhile in Abimelech’s harem she didn’t conceive. Enlil visited Abimelech in a dream, told him the truth and, acknowledged Abimelech’s innocence. Abimelech complained to Abraham, who said he didn’t exactly lie, since Sarah was his half-sister. Enlil made Abimelech restore Sarah to Abraham.
Abimelech apologized to Abraham and gave him livestock and servants. The King told Abraham to live anywhere in Gerar. Abimelech also gave 1000 pieces of silver, livestock and servants to Abraham.
When Abimelech’s men took the well at Beersheba from Abraham, he complained to Abimelech, who apologized. Abraham then set aside seven ewes as to signify that he dug the well.
Abimelech made Abraham swear an oath of non-aggression towards him and his family, to which Abraham agreed. Abraham planted a tamarisk tree there in memory”. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wife%E2%80%93sister_narratives_in_the_Book_of_Genesis]
ABRAHAM’S BAND, CIRCUMCISED FOR IDENTITY, SURVIVED NUKING
Of Earthlings loyal to the Enlilites (Ninurta, Nannar, Adad, Utu, and Inanna), only Abraham and his cavalry survived. His band lived because Enlil had sent it to the Negev and Canaan to guard Sumer from Marduk’s forces in Egypt and Lebanon. Enlil wanted his surviving Earthlings branded.
Enlil ordered Abraham, then 99, and his male followers to cut off their foreskins to make their phalluses like those of the Nibirans and to mark them as loyal to the Enlilites. He told Abraham that after circumcision,”Unto thy seed have I given this land from the brook of Egypt [Nile] until the River Euphrates.” [Encounters: 257]
Abraham’s aged Principal Wife and half-sister, Sarah, thought herself too old to conceive an heir for Abraham, so she told him to beget a child with Hagar, the Egyptian princess the Pharaoh had given him. Abraham raised IS-MAEL, the son Hagar bore, as his heir, due–all thought–to rule Canaan.
Abraham raised IS-MAEL, the son Hagar bore, as his heir, due–all thought–to rule Canaan. [Encounters: 288.]
But Enlil altered Sarah so she could conceive, following the Anunnaki preference for men to marry their half-sisters. The boy Sarah would bare, Enlil told Abraham, must replace Is-Mael, Abraham’s son with Hagar.
Enlil agreed. He told Abraham, “Heed Sarah. Your descendants shall spring from Isaac. Ishmael, son of the maidservant too shall a nation begat, for Ishmael too springs from you.” Enlil told Abraham “Evict Hagar you must.” Enlil thus tested Abraham’s loyalty and drove a wedge between him and Hagar.
Abraham gave Hagar bread and a water skin and left her and Ishmael in the Beersheeba wilderness.
“When the water in the skin was gone, she put Is-mael under one of the bushes. She thought, ‘I cannot watch the boy die.’
No sooner had Hagar been left to die in the desert, than Enlil rescued her. He showed her a well, saved her and Is-mael, won “her undivided loyalty.”
.Some of Abraham’s descendants settled in Medina; there they called Enlil-Yahweh (or Marduk, posing as Yahweh) “Allah.” Ishmael became the genitor of the Arabs who to this day compete with the descendants of Isaac forPalesine-Canaan [Hazelton, 1st Muslim:175].
ENLIL: ‘ABRAHAM, KILL ISAAC, YOUR SON WITH SARAH, TO PROVE LOYALTY TO ME.”
“When Isaac grew, the apple of old Abraham’s eye, to adulthood, Enlil decided to test whether Abraham still obeyed. Enlil told Abraham to take Isaac to a distant mountain, far from the eyes of others, and murder him in cold blood. Better there were no witnesses around to add to the growing discontent among humans to the gods.” Abraham and Isaac “came to the place Enlil told him. Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood and bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar atop the wood. Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.”
But an Emissary of Enlil appeared and said, “Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, for now I know that you fear god since you have not withheld your son from Me. Because you have not withheld your son, indeed I will greatly bless you and I will greatly multiply your seed and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies because you have obeyed My voice.’”
. “Abraham passed the test;” he’d do anything Yahweh/Enlil asked. Enlil told everyone about his favorite Earthling, Abraham. Tribal chiefs, kings and priests came to curry Abraham’s favor “and suck up to him to avoid his patron’s “acts of vengeance.” [Encounters: 259, 288; Slave Species: 202, 212, 234 – 236; Genesis, 21:10 -14]
Isaac, the child Yahweh had implanted in Sarah, came to rule Abraham’s people in Canaan.
Joseph, Isaac’s grandson, got the Egyptian pharaoh to make him Egypt’s Overseer.
As Overseer Joseph took in the Israelites from Canaan. In time Israelite refugees multiplied to over 600,000. They faced new pharaohs allied with Yahweh’s rival, Anunnaki Prince Marduk (Satan).
MOSES DELIVERED ENLIL’S OLD TESTAMENT RELIGION
Moses–a Jew descended from Abraham on his mother’s side, an Egyptian prince on his father’s side, started Judaism as a religion.
Enlil Told Moses, “Take Jacob’s People to Canaan”
In 1450 BCE Enlil told Moses, “Show the Pharoh magic. Tell him to let my people go.”
Pharaoh Amenhotep knew that if he let the Israelites go, they’d ally with their Mitanni kinsmen against Marduk-ruled Egypt. So instead Amenhotep ordered each Israelite make three times more bricks per day. To get Pharaoh to let them go, Enlil said he hit Egypt with plagues, infestations, cattle diseases, darkness and weather chaos Nibiru’s nearing created.
The Kobrin Bible details devastation Enlil claimed he wrought on Egypt. The Old Testament spins the disasters into a tale of Yahweh’s execution of all non-Israelite firstborn children and cows in Egypt.
In 1433 BCE, Pharaoh told the Israelites, “Go,” then sent chariots after them. Enlil, whose astronomical computers showed him exactly how the Red Sea drained and refilled as Nibiru now neared Earth, guided the Israelite exodus.
Swerdlow relates what he studied in CIA documents about the disturbances that led Moses and his followers to get out of Egypt: “In 15,000 BCE, a comet struck the Atlantic Ocean. It created the Straits of Gibraltar and the Baltic Sea.” The flood from the comet strike separated Ireland and Britain as well Denmark, Norway and Sweden. “Entire city-states in Greece were destroyed in minutes. Minoan Civilization [Crete’s] was wiped off the map. The Red Sea separated.
“The 10 plagues in Egypt were the result of asteroids hitting the area, causing fires and vermin to swarm.” [214: 49-50]
Enlil Ran Moses
For forty years, Enlil led Moses and the Israelites through the desert to the edge of Sinai. The distance between Egypt and Jerico (Ariha in Syria) is but 750 kilometers, some 52 hours (7 days)
Nights, Yahweh led Moses’ mob with a “fiery beacon;” days, with a dark cloud. He fed the Israelites and protected them from Amalekites
Enlil demanded they kill 3000 of their number who worshiped other Anunnaki. He made them execute 23,000 for sex before they married. [Exodus 32:26-28; Corinthians 10:8; Divine:295].
In 1394 BCE, a comet hit Earth, disintegrated, made day last 20 hours as Joshua and the Israelites attacked the Canaanites near Beth-Horon. Simultaneously, on the side of the Earth opposite Canaan, the comet also delayed sunrise 20 hours in the Andes.
In 1383 BCE Enlil landed his aircraft on Mt. Sinai and ordered Moses up the mountain. There Moses heard Enlil’s orders. He came down Mt. Sinai and relayed Enlil’s orders to the Israelites. Then Enlil with an amplifier, told the Israelites, Obey or die.
Enlil again flew to the mountaintop, ordered Moses up. He gave Moses plans for a Yahweh-temple in Jerusalem and told him how to build an Ark–a box for a communication unit. With the Ark, Moses’ brother Aaron and his priest-lineage could message Enlil, pose questions, and get “Yes” or “No” answers.
Enlil told Moses to store the monoatomic gold (with which he’d been medicating the Israelites) in the Ark to lighten it. The Ark weighed many tons. It may have housed a small nuclear reactor. Also, to stow in the Ark, Enlil gave Moses stone tablets with commandments. Enlil had probably manufactured the tablets with something like our emerging reduplicative computing technology.
Moses told the Israelites what Enlil wanted. He gave Moses orders engraved in stone. Moses, however, in a fit of rage and murder, destroyed the engravings and the Israelites who’d made a golden calf to propitiate Enlil.
Enlil then had Moses engrave another set of rules. Enlil then landed his rocket atop the mount and, with an amplifier he spoke directly to 600,000 Israelites at the mountain’s base. They must, he said, reject all other Nibiran gods, not even say their names. They must spend every seventh day worshiping him and subjugate women and kids, as well as refrain from murder, adultery, theft and false witness. They must not, he said, crave others’ homes, wives, Earthlings and property.
For forty days on the peak he either regaled Moses on his spaceship with projections or rocketed him up so he could see and report the Earth was curved–something Earthlings of his day did not know. [DoHerarty, J., Did Enki Give Humans Knowledge?]
Enlil then landed his rocket on the mount and, with an amplifier, told, the people what he wanted. They had to say they’d obey. He had Moses make a temple and a box (an “Ark of the Covenant”) that sported two gold cherubs) for tablets of his orders. Above a drawer in the Ark, Moses built a Talk-To-Enlil communicator. Moses returned to the Israelites, glowed with radiation from Enlil’s aircraft.
Moses died before reaching the Promised Land, but his general, Joshua, led the Israelites there. When they crossed the Jordan River, Enlil “parted the waters” with HAARP-type technology so the Israelites could cross [Journeys: 193].
Enlil’s tablets commanded the Israelites to reject all other Nibiran gods, spend every seventh day worshiping him, subjugate women and kids, forgo murder, adultery, theft and false witness. They must not crave others’ homes, wives, slaves and property. [Tellinger: African Temples: 86]
Akhenaten (Amenophis IV) inherited Egypt’s throne in 1373 BCE. Bouge and Evans think Akhenaten may be Moses; they Moses’ identity as a royal (Hatsushep) raised but whom Joseph’s daughter Tiye had borne. Akhenaten may even have been an extraterrestrial Conehead [Capensis] rather than an Anunnaki, or he may have been an Anunnaki variant, since the literature doesn’t reference his elongated skull. [Bouge, 2011; Evans, R., 2014; Hudes, 2014, http://www.aquarianradio.com/2014/03/27/interview-karen-hudes-edward-spencer-homo-capensis-the-vatican-world-bank/]
Akhenaten preached that Nibiru’s next nearing would “usher in a time of peace and benevolence to all.” He moved Egypt’s capital from Thebes to Tell-el-Amarna. In a temple there, he displayed the ben-ben–perhaps a space capsule with an intact communication device, a remote-viewing booth, a holographic display, an actual transporter, or just an object of veneration–from an Anunnaki rocket.
Akhenaten had Egyptians follow his “Star Religion and worship Nibiru. Ra-Marduk’s priests in Thebes drove him from office and resumed Egypt’s loyalty to Ra.
King Kadashman-Enlil of Babylon expected Nibiru’s return soon. In 1260, he changed Babylon’s Marduk-worship to Enlil- and Adad-worship. [End: 178]
In turbulent times as all awaited Nibiru’s nearing, migrants and invaders flooded western Asia, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean coast and Arabia. The invaders known as “Peoples of the Sea” or Philistines, repulsed in Egypt, invaded Canaan and settled the southern plain.
Enlil choose Saul then David to rule in Israel. David killed the Igigi half-breeds in Hebron and made himself King of the Israelites there.
He established his identity as Enlil-Yahweh’s man.
David brought Enlil’s Ark on a cart into his fights with the Philistines. An Israelite soldier who tried to steady the cart was radiated and died. At one point, the Philistines captured the Ark. Radiation from the ark killed its captors and all near it, so they returned it to David. [Journeys: 194]
ENLIL GAVE THE JEWS JERUSALEM WHERE ENKI’S RECORDS TOLD WHEN NIBIRU & ANUNNAKI WOULD RETURN
Enlil forbade him to build the temple but David readied the site Enlil indicated its site for Solomon, David’s successor [Solomon may be another name for Enki; hear Bouge, G., at http://www.blogtalkradio.com/aquarianradio/2016/12/25/jesus-the-anunnaki-122516-glenn-boguehosts-janet-kira-dr-sasha-lessin; End: 192 -193; Journeys: 191]. End: 191].
The Anunnaki decided to build a new spaceport on the Sinai Peninsula, with its long flat landing area and a new Mission Control Center in Mount Moriah, the future Jerusalem. These new space facilities were supposed to be under control of Commander Enlil and his clan, the Enlilites. Enlil’s son Nannar was to control Sinai and Nannar’s son Shamah was to control the Mission Control Center in the heart of Enlilite Canaan. The Council selected Jerusalem on the basis of geometry; it was the place “equidistant from the space-related facilities. Jerusalem was to be the new Mission Control for Earth-Nibiru travel and communication.
Enlilites temporarily lost the space facilities in Canaan when but Enkiite-Earthlings led by Ziasudra’s son Ham and then by the Enkiite Prince Seth settled in the Jerusalem area. Enlil’s forces, which his sons Ninurta and Adad and grandchildren Inanna and Utu launched “the Second Pyramid War” against Enki, Marduk, Nergal, Horus and their Earthlings. The Enlilites defeated the Enkiites. In the Peace Treaty of 8670BCE Enki ceded the Sinai and its Spaceport [“the Restricted Zone”] and the Mission Control Center, the future Jerusalem [the “Radiant Place”; ie, place of the power source]; Wars: 130, 156, 174].
King David readied Jerusalem for Solomon. In 957 BCE the King had 3,300 foremen guide 70,000 carriers and 80,000 stonecutters. They took large blocks of stone for the Temple foundation. The blocks weigh 500 tons each.
David gave Solomon a scale model and architectural drawings for the Temple
THE FIRST TEMPLE, SOLOMON’S
Solomon built Enlil-Yahweh’s first permanent temple on huge stones in 957 BCE on huge stones–too heavy to move and fit in place without Anunnaki technology (so we know that’s how the stones were moved). Solomon’s Temple became the center of governance for the Jews for the next 410 years, when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed it.
The Temple of the Mount Foundation Stones at Jerusalem features massive stones of around 500 tons each. They were found when excavations along the western ‘Wailing wall’ uncovered them.
Solomon set the temple so the sun at dawn entered the Tabernacle at spring and autumn equinoxes. He piped water to the Temple through tunnels from Hebron, 30 miles away.
The Temple Palace, 40 cubits long, had walls lined with cedar, on carved with figures of cherubim, palm-trees and open flowers overlaid with gold. Fir-wood overlaid with gold-covered the Temple floor. Olive-wood doorposts held doors, also of olive, boasted carved cherubim, palm-trees, and flowers, all overlaid with gold.
The temple featured a 100 x 200-foot main hall and a smaller room for Moses’ Ark. Solomon put the Ark on the rock where Abraham started to kill his son Isaac to prove himself loyal to Enlil. (The rock’s now covered and surrounded by the Muslim Dome of the Rock) The new temple replaced the portable one Moses made in the desert, local sanctuaries and altars in the hills [End: 194].
The Temple had a large basin (The Brazen Sea) for 3,000 baths. Gold-covered cedar lined the Temple Palace walls with carved cherubs, palm-trees and open flowers. Fir-wood overlaid with gold-covered the floor. Olive-wood doorposts held doors, also of olive.
This structure, the 20-story high Portico, housed the Sanctuary, which in turn housed the “Holy of Holies”–Moses’ arc, a holographic image of the box with Enlil’s communication device and Enlil’s commandments to worship only him, etc..
Solomon dedicated the Temple
The Ark projection measured 2 feet long, but took up no space, for the room would have to be 24 feet long if the arc were of physical material. Hence, the arc’s projector, Yahweh, could claim he was as invisibile as his arc-projection and unrecognized sound communication devices.
The arc occupied no space at all in the 20 x 20 cubit room, since it was a projection, part of the mythology that Enlil was a god without physical form [Spiesleaks: 12:37].
Marduk’s Egyptian Pharaoh Sheshonk I sacked the Temple a few decades later, but Enlil had warned the Jewish King who hid the Temple’s valuables in a subterranean vault under the Temple before Sheshonk arrived.
By 650 BCE, Most Anunnaki “gods” left Earth from Nazca. Those who stayed hid and ruled through hybrid descendants. The Anunnaki “left emotionally dependent humans mourning their absence. The left-behind priesthood took advantage of the bereaved to keep them worshiping and sacrificing to the Anunnaki alters. They invented a divine realm and claimed only priests could contact the gods in the heavens. Priests supplanted the real accounts of the Anunnaki and humans with fictional supernatural myths.”
Descendants of “household intimates of the early hybrid kings became the Hebrew, Egyptian and Roman priests who conflated many Anunnaki into one all-powerful god. Priest-kings got us, already trained to serve Anunnaki lords, to serve the gods through organized priesthoods [Von Ward: 193 – 194].
Egypt’s Pharaoh Sheshonk I sacked the Temple a few decades after its completion. In 835 BCE Jehoash, King of Judah, renovated the Temple. In 700 BCE Assyrian King Sennacherib stripped it. In 586 Nebuchadnezzer, Marduk’s Babylonian King, sacked Jerusalem and wrecked the Temple.
In 539, Cyrus of Persia, whom Marduk welcomed, took Babylon. Cyrus sent Nebuchadnezzar’s Israelite hostages back to Jerusalem. He built the Second Temple from 538 to 515 BCE.
Macedonia’s King Alexander defeated the Persians. His heirs–Hellenic Pagan Ptolemies (Seleucids)–ruled Syria, Judea and the Temple from Egypt after Alexander died.
Seleucid King Antiochus III took Egypt in 198 BCE. He started a rebellion in 187BCE when he added Marduk-Zeus and the Greek pantheon into the Jerusalem Temple.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes pushed the Greek gods for the Temple. The Jews rebelled again. Antiochus again crushed them and forbade circumcision to mark Enlil-followers. He banned the Jewish Sabbath, put a Zeus statue in the Temple and had Greek priests sacrifice pigs there. A Greek ordered Jewish priest Mattathias to do a Hellenic sacrifice, Matathias killed him.
In 167 BCE Mattathias and his sons won independence the Seleucids. Judas Maccabeus re-dedicated the Temple in 165 BCE.
YAHWEH-ENLIL OR YAHWEH-MARDUK HAD JEZEBEL KILLED FOR TOLERANCE & ALLYING WITH PHONECIA
In 931 BCE, when Solomon, died, Abraham’s descendants split their turf into the kingdoms of Judea in the south and Israel, bordering Phoenicia–land of the great Canaanite traders of the old world–on the north. Until 910 B.C., Jeroboam, Rehoboam, Abijah, Nadab, Baasah, Elah, Zimri, then Omri ruled Israel.
In 872 BCE, Ithbaal, Phoecian King of the Tyre allied with Israel. He gave daughter Jezebel as Principle Wife to Israeli King Ahab.
Ithbaal and Jezebel descended from both the Enkiites whom Marduk led and the Enlilites (whom Enlil-Yahweh led. Ithbaal and Ahab hoped Jezabel would bridge Enkiite and Enlilite factions that struggled for Canaan.
The kings wanted the Phoenica-Israel alliance to “replace separatism, pragmatism, replace ideology, and trade replace bloodshed. Through Jezebel’s marriage to Ahab, Tyre would develop the Red Sea port of Etzion Geber” and “Tryian ships would ply the coasts of Arabia and East Africa as far as India for spices and silk. Tyre would pay Israel tolls and fees.” [Jezebel: 26 -31]
To the alarm of Enlil-Yahweh, Jezebel came with servants, traders and emissaries of Tyre, 400 priestesess and 450 priests to a magnificent temple Ahab build for her in Samaria, north of Jerusalem.
Marduk, who also claimed to be “Yahweh” and his Babylonians took Assyria.
Ahab defeated an Assyrian attack, then, at Jezebel’s insistence and to Enlil’s rage, pardoned the Assyrians who allied with Marduk in his Yahweh persona. Yahweh-Enlil Yahweh wanted the Assyrians killed. Instead of killing them, Ahab let them ally with Israel.
Yahweh-Enlil, Elijah & Israel Vs Yahweh-Marduk, Elisha & Assyria
Enlil and his agent in Israel, Elija, blamed Jezebel for Israel’s forgiveness toward Assyria. Arrange the death of Ahab and Jezebel, Enlil ordered Elija.
Elijah created a challenge: Enlil’s priests and Jezebel’s would see whose cattle sacrifice Enlil would accept on Mt. Carmel. Enlil accepted his priests’ bull but rejected the bull of Jezebel’s priests, whom the witnesses then, at Elijah’s insistence, killed.
Enlil used a HAARP-type weather device or observed weather patterns and took credit for them to punish the Israelites for their merciful treatment of the Assyrians and Ahab’s failure to prevent worship in Israel of other Anunnaki “gods.”
Jezebel, furious, exiled Elijah; he fled Israel.
In Israel Enlil’s priests said Jezebel ordered the death of a landowner whose property she wanted. From Assyria, Elijah issued a fatwa–”Dogs shall eat Jezebel.”
Yahweh took Elijah aloft in his aircraft.
Elisha, Elijah’s successor as Prophet of Yahweh (probably, at this point, Marduk), that he killed Elijah not that he gave him a plane ride).
Elisha, Hazael & Jehu
Elisha engineered another Assyrian attack that killed Ahab. Then Elisha suborned Hazael, Ahab’s Chief of Staff. Elisha had Hazael murder the Assyrian king.
Hazael then ruled Assyria. He got the generals of Israel and Judea to murder their rulers.
“The morning after Jehu’s triple regicide, he consolidated his power. He ordered every male related to Ahab’s father Omri,” King Joram’s counselors and priests, fleeing attendants of Jezebel trying to get back to Tyre seized and beheaded so blood would be the hands of all surviving authorities.
Tyre and Judea, the latter now ruled by Jezebel’s daughter Athaliah, cut relations with Israel so the Syrians easily subjugated Jehu and Israel, left Israel with only peasants to keep growing food, deported 500,000 soldiers, priests, scribes officials and craftsmen of Israel (the ten tribes of Israel that were “lost”) to other parts of the Assyrian empire and replaced the deported Israelis with settlers from other parts of the empire [Jezebel: 93-197].
In 835 BCE Jehoash, King of Judah, renovated the Temple. But in 700 BCE Assyrian King Sennacherib stripped it again. In 586 (547 in some accounts) BCE, Nebuchadnezzar, Marduk’s Babylonian King, sacked Jerusalem and destroyed by the Temple.
The hostages wrote the old testament.
“The Jews, depressed by the Babylonian captivity, in reaction against national inferiority [defeat and captivity], swung to national and racial egotism, exalting themselves above all races as the chosen people of God. They edited all the records for the purpose of raising Abraham and their national leaders high above all other persons. Hebrew scribes destroyed every record they could find.” They quashed references to the ET Melchizadek’s prophesy of the coming Messiah [Urantia, 93.9.10].
PERSIA RETURNED JERUSALEM’S HOSTAGES, ALLOWED JERUSALEM AUTONOMY
In 539 BCE, Cyrus of Persia, whom Marduk welcomed, conquered Babylon and returned Nebuchadnezzar’s hostages to Jerusalem.
CYRUS OF PERSIA BUILT THE SECOND TEMPLE; GREEKS TOOK IT FROM THEM
Cyrus built the Second Temple from 538 to 515 BCE. Greeks under Alexander of Macedon, defeated Cyrus’s successor, Xerxes and brought Jerusalem into the Hellenistic world of commerce. Peace prevailed in Jerusalem for centuries.
Jerusalem became a center of commerce for the Hellenistic world, through which many Jews from Jerusalem traded and settled. Many settled in Alexandria in Egypt. The Jerusalem expats sent annual taxes back to the Temple in Jerusalem. This second temple narrowly avoided being destroyed again in 332 BCE when the Jews refused to recognize Alexander as a god.
GREEK GENERAL PTOLEMY, THEN SELEUCID SYRIANS RULED JERUSALEM
When Alexander died in 322 BCE, his generals divvied his empire among them. Ptolemy I, who had his headquarters in Egypt, seized Alexander’s African turf and Judea and Jerusalem.
Seleucus and his successors took Syria, Anatolia, Mesopotamia and Alexander’s Asian lands. The Seleucids hired Marduk’s former priest, Berossus “to compile the history of Mankind and its gods according to Mesopotamian knowledge. Berossus researched at a library of cuneiform tablets near Harran [Turkey].” From his books the Western world learned of the Anunnaki, their coming to Earth, the prediluvian era,” the creation of Adapa, the Deluge and after.
SELEUCID KINGS CONQUERED TOOK JERUSALEM FROM PTOLEMIES TO PREPARE FOR EXPECTED RETURN OF NIBIRU
Ptolemies successors “continued his tolerant attitude toward others’ religions, arranged for the translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek (a translation known as the Septuagint) and allowed the Jews complete religious freedom in Judea as well as in their growing communities in Egypt.”
But the Seleucid kings, studying Berossus’ translation into Greek of the ancient writings of dictated to the Sumerians by the Anunnaki, learned that Enki ordered Ziasudra-Noah to hide “every writing in Sippar, the city of Anunnaki Commander Enlil’s grandson Shamah for post deluvial recovery because those writings were about beginnings, middles and ends.” Berossus had written that “the world undergoes periodic cataclysms related to the zodiacal Ages” and one change would occur in 122 BCE. Seleucid King Antiochus III, ruler of Syria, in 198 BCE, took Jerusalem from the Ptolemies to get “the space-related site in Jerusalem for the Return” of the Anunnaki gods.
SELEUCIDS FORCED GREEK WORSHIP IN THE TEMPLE
“Unlike the Ptolemies, Seleucid rulers imposed Hellenic culture and religion in their domains.” They stationed troops in Jerusalem and limited the power of the Jewish priests at the Temple. The Seleucids raised taxes to train wrestlers instead of studying the Torah, raised shrines to Greek gods and stationed soldiers to make sure Jews worshipped the Greek gods, not Enlil-Yahweh. Antiochus III prompted a short-lived rebellion in 187 BCE when he introduced statues of Marduk-Zeus and the Greek pantheon into the temple. But in 168 BCE, Antiochus IV Epiphanes again pushed the Greek gods for the Temple. In 167 BCE he forcefully entered the Temple’s inner sanctum and confiscated the golden ritual objects there. He put a Greek governor in charge of Jerusalem.
Next to the Temple, Antiochus built a fortress for a permanent garrison of his soldiers. “The Jews again rebelled Antiochus again crushed them. Antiochus forbade circumscision which marked Jews as followers of Enlil. Antiochus banned the Jewish Sabbath, put a statue of Zeus in their temple and had Greek priests sacrifice pigs there. When a Greek ordered Jewish priest Mattathius Maccabeus perform a Hellenic sacrifice, Mattathius killed him. [End: 286-288]
JEWS EXPELLED THE SYRIANS, MADE HASMONEANS JUDEA’S KINGS IN JERUSALEM
Antiochus sent armies against the Jews. When Mattathius died, his son Judah Maccabeus carried on the war. The Jewish rebels, like the Seleucids, fought furiously to recapture the Temple before the date Enki recorded for the return of Nibiru and the Anunnaki Royals.
In 164 BCE the Macecabees captured the Temple Mount, “cleansed the temple and rekindled the sacred flame. They won complete control of Jerusalem and restored Jewish independence in 160 BCE. when they drove the Seleucids from Judea. Mattathius youngest son Simon rededicated the temple in 165 BCE. Jews celebrate this as the festival of Hanukkah (rededication).
An Anunnaki emissary [Jews called the emissaries “angels”], communicating to the Hebrew prophet Daniel, ordered the Jews to begin the countdown for Nibiru’s return from 160 BCE. the Hebrew year 3600 BCE when the Enlil would return and again communicate with his people in the cleansed temple and certain other enigimatically conveyed events had occurred. Enlil’s return which the Jews expected for 160 BCE did not occur, and would not, Daniel was told, occur until nations, symbolized as a ram’s, goat’s and lions offspring “split apart and fight each other.
Simon’s dynasty, the Hasoneans, brought 80 years of independence in Judea, which they now called Israel. But within Israel deep divides developed between the literal Pharisees who expected Enlil to appear physically, the Sadducees who expected merely his spiritual presence, and the Essenes, “who secluded themselves at Qumram. Prophesies–Book of Jubilees, Book of Enoch, Apocrypha and others circulated and proclaimed that the turmoil known as the End of Days would begin a new era, “the coming of the Anointed One” (Mashi’ach, Cristos, Messiah, Christ). [End :289-294]
The Hasmoneans claimed not only the throne of Israel, but also the post of High Priest. Hasmonean kings forcibly converted Moabites, Edomites, Itureans and Ammonites to Judaism.
In 67 BCE, when Queen Salome Alexendra died, her son, High Prieset Hyrcanus claimed the kingship of Israel. But in 65 BCE Hyrcanus’s brother Aristobulus led an army against him at Jerico, captured Hyrcanus and forced him to abdicate. Six weeks later, however, Hyrcanus’ man, Antipater (an Idumean forced-convert who would become the father of Herod) raised an army of mercenaries and Idumeans that beat Aristobulus’. Aristobulus’ army retreated to the Temple, leaving the rest of Jerusalem and Israel under Hyrcanus’ rule.
Aristobulus’ army held the fortress on the Temple mound but let Hyrcanus send sheep daily to the Temple for sacrifice. After months of unsuccessful siege, Hycanus sent a pig instead of a sheep for sacrifice.
ROME TOOK JERUSALEM
In 70 BCE, Roman general Pompey, seeking control of the Hasmonean empire as key to running the Eastern Mediterranean, received delegations from Hyrcanus, Aristobulus and the rabbis (Sanhedrin), all welcoming Roman intervention in the stalemated siege and begging Pompey to intervene in their favor. In 63 BCE, when Pompey got to Jerusalem, Hyrcanus’army withdrew and Aristobulus surrendered but his army continued to hold the Temple against Pompey. After two months. Pompey took the Temple and killed 12,000 of Jews within. Pompey entered (and desecrated) the Holy of Holies sanctuary where priests kept worshipping even as the Romans burst in. Pompey expected to see in the sanctuary a statue of the Jewish god, but, of course, saw no statue and left the Temple intact. In 67 BCE, the Roman governor of Judea invaded the temple, seeking treasure. The Jews, however, overwhelmed the Roman garrison in Jerusalem and forced it to retreat from the city.
Yohanan ben Zakkai and the peace faction of Jerusalem urged acceptance of inevitable Roman rule. Practice, said Yohanan, mercy and loving acts to people instead of fighting for independence. The independence faction–zealots–fought the peace faction to force them to join the revolt against Rome. Yohanan’s faction saw Roman political control as inevitable and wanted to negotiate religious freedom within Roman rule.
Zealots and Peaceniks fought in the city; zealots assassinated people like Yohanan who advocated peace and accommodation.
The Zealots won the house-to-house and neighborhood-to-neighborhood civil war. They burned the city and the records-of debt-documents.
Romans and Syrians in nearby Caesarea killed the thousands of Jews among them. Jews throughout Judea retaliated, killing the Romans and Syrians among them.
To prevent independence movements from spreading to other provinces, Rome sent General Vespasian and 60,000 soldiers to Jerusalem. They killed all Jews in their path from Syria, then surrounded Jerusalem, trapping 100,000 Jews within its layers of mighty walls.
The Romans offered the trapped Jews a chance to surrender, but six Zealot armies controlled different neighborhoods, fought each other for control of the city, burned each others’ food supplies, forbade surrender and stopped the starving Jews trapped within from fleeing the city. Seeking swallowed gold and gems, the Romans who surrounded the city cut open the guts of the few that escaped the Zealots within. The Romans tortured then crucified other Jewish captives and displayed them in a ring around the city. Yohanan, however, escaped Jerusalem disguised as a corpse in a bier of rotting meat.
After four months, the Romans took Jerusalem city, burned the Temple and cut the throats of all whom they didn’t take as slaves.
In 54 BCE, the Roman Crassus looted the Temple treasury Jews revolted again but Romans subdued them again in 43 BCE. The Romans ruled Judea from Syria then appointed a local Governor for Judea. The Roman governor let the Jews select a High Priest for the Temple and a King for the Jews. In 36 BCE they choose Herod, a descendant of the forced Edomite converts to Judaism who did as Rome told him. Herod ruled for Rome until 4 BCE.
Jerusalem no longer had a Jewish King and was a mere province administrated by a Roman Procurator Pontius Pilate, who arrived in 26 CE with orders to quell Jewish riots against Roman rule. Pilate brought Roman troops, coins with images of the Temple–seen by the Jews as blasfemous images–to use in the temple.
During the last revolt of the Jews against the Romans in 132–135 CE, Simon bar Kokhba and Rabbi Akiva led another failed revolt from 132 to 135 and the Romans banned Jews from Jerusalem.
The Temple Palace, 40 cubits long, featured walls lined with cedar with carved cherubim, palm-trees and open flowers overlaid with gold. Fir-wood overlaid with gold-covered the Temple floor. Olive-wood doorposts held doors, also of olive.
The Temple complex featured a large basin (called the “Brazen Sea” measured 10 cubits wide brim to brim, 5 cubits deep and with a circumference of 30 cubits around the brim, rested on the backs of twelve oxen It held 3,000 baths for the purification by immersion of the body of the priests.
The Roman Republic fought battles throughout the Eastern Mediterranean that left them in control of the territories Alexander, Ptolemy and Seleucid had created. In 66 BCE, Florus, the Roman governor of Judea, ordered his troops to invade Jerusalem’s upper market and kill all the Jews they met. The troops killed 3,600 people, not just in the market but also “plunged into every house and slaughtered the inmates.” [Goodman: 7]
Roman general POMPEY, sought control of the Hasmonean empire as key to run the Eastern Mediterranean. He heard delegations from Hyrcanus, Aristobulus and the Sanhedrin rabbis. Each delegation asked Rome to intervene in their favor. When Pompey got to Jerusalem, Hyrcanus’ army withdrew and Aristobulus surrendered but his army continued to hold the Temple against Pompey. After two months. Pompey took the Temple and killed 12,000 of Jews within. Pompey entered (and desecrated) the Holy of Holies sanctuary where priests kept worshipping even as the Romans burst in. Pompey expected to see in the sanctuary a statue of the Jewish god, but, of course, saw no statue and left the Temple intact.
Nonetheless, Yohanan ben Zakkai and the peace faction–Peaceniks–of Jerusalem urged acceptance of inevitable Roman rule. Practice, said Yohanan, mercy and loving acts to people instead of fighting for independence. The independence faction–Zealots–fought the peace faction to force them to join the revolt against Rome. The Peaceniks saw Roman political control as inevitable and wanted to negotiate religious freedom within Roman rule.
Zealots and Peaceniks fought in the city; Zealots assassinated people like Yohanan who sought peace and compromise with Rome. Zealots won the house-to-house and neighborhood-to-neighborhood civil war. They burned the city and the records-of debt-documents.
Romans and Syrians in nearby Caesarea retaliated. They killed thousands of Jews among them. Jews throughout Judea re-retaliated and killed Romans and Syrians among them.
VESPASIAN BUILT HIS REPUTATION AS GENERAL
To stop independence movements from spreading to other provinces, Rome sent General Vespasian and 60,000 soldiers to Jerusalem. Romans trapped the Jews in Jerusalem but said they could surrender without slaughter. The Zealots refused to give up.
The six Zealot armies who ruled different Jerusalem neighborhoods forbade surrender. They stopped Jews trapped within the city–people starving from Roman control of the countryside–from fleeing the city. Romans caught Jews who nonetheless escaped Jerusalem. The Romans cut open the captured escapees’ guts to find gold and Jewels. The Romans tortured then crucified Jewish captives and displayed them in a ring around the city. Yohanan, however, escaped Jerusalem disguised as a corpse in a bier of rotting meat.
ELEAZAR & ZEALOTS FOUGHT JERUSALEM’S PEACE FACTION & ROME
In 67 BCE, the Roman governor of Judea invaded the temple; he sought its treasures. Temple Captain Eleazar and his faction of Zealots attacked the Romans stationed in Jerusalem and forced them to retreat to the west end of Jerusalem.
NERO DIED IN 68 BCE AND VESPASIAN BECAME EMPEROR. HE, TITUS AND THEIR LINE BECAME RULERS OF ROME. THEIR SUBSEQUENT DEFEAT OF THE JEWS BECAME THE IDEOLOGICAL CHARTER OF THE VESPASIAN DYNASTY’S SUPREMACY AND ONE OF THE BASES FOR THE ANTI-SEMITISM ROMANS SPREAD TO THE WORLD SINCE.
The Roman Empire could counter so public a humiliation only by thorough punishment of the city. Jews hoping to broker peace fled to the Roman side.” [Goodman: 10].
The Romans took Jerusalem, burned the Temple and cut the throats of all whom they didn’t take as slaves.
In 54 BCE, the Roman Crassus looted the Temple treasury Jews revolted again but Romans subdued them again in 43 BCE. The Romans ruled Judea from Syria then appointed a local Governor for Judea. The Roman governor let the Jews select a High Priest for the Temple and a King for the Jews. In 36 BCE they choose Herod, a descendant of the forced Edomite converts to Judaism who did as Rome told him. Herod ruled for Rome until 4 BCE.
Jerusalem no longer had a Jewish King and was a mere province administrated by a Roman Procurator Pontius Pilate, who arrived in 26 CE with orders to quell Jewish riots against Roman rule. Pilate brought Roman troops, coins with images of the Temple–seen by the Jews as blasphemous images–to use in the temple–offered them safe passage if they gave up their weapons. Roman Commander METLIUS agreed to the Zealot terms, but when the Romans disarmed, Eleazar’s men killed them all except Metilius, who agreed to circumcision and to convert to Judaism.
CESTIUS, the Roman governor of Syria marched a large force toward Jerusalem. The Romans burned Jewish villages and killed all Jews in his path. The Zealots counterattacked Cestius’ army and killed 515 Roman soldiers.
AGRIPPA II, a Jewish administrator worked for Rome and led the peaceniks, negotiated a peace treaty with Cestius at the Roman bivouac outside Jerusalem. Rome would pardon the Rebels if they’d disarm and pledge allegiance to Rome. But when Agrippa’s emissaries returned to Jerusalem, the Zealots attacked them.
Cestius’ army captured Jerusalem’s suburbs, burned the Temple gate, then retired to negotiate with the Jews from safer quarters with secure supply lines. Cestius had shown the Jews that Rome could prevail and now sought to withdraw and avoid further Roman losses. But Zealots attacked Cestius’ army as it withdrew through the narrow defiles from the hills of Jerusalem towards the Mediterranean. The lightly armored Zealots killed many Romans. Cestius’ march “degenerated into a bloody rout. He lost 5,300 infantry, 480 cavalry, his catapults, battering rams and siege machines.
Late Roman (Byzantine) period in the Land of Israel***
The Roman Emperor Constantine I allowed Jews to mourn their defeat and humiliation once a year at the Temple’s Western Wall.
In 351–352 CE, the Jews of Galilee launched a revolt that Rome put down.
In 355, Emperor Julian ordered the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem rebuilt, but it burned– perhaps sabotaged. Julian’s successors embraced Christianity, though in 438 CE when the Empress Eudocia removed the ban on Jews’ praying at the Temple. Jerusalem’s Christians rioted and drove the Jews out of Jerusalem.
In 556 CE Jews and Samarians revolted in Palestine but the Byzantines beat them.
The Jews joined the Persians who invaded Palaestina Prima in 614 and together defeated the Byzantine forces in Jerusalem. The Persians gave the Jews Jerusalem to govern.
Jerusalem’s Christians revolted and killed the Jewish leader there. The Jewish-Persian force re-took Jerusalem but in 3 weeks, the city roiled in anarchy, Persians retreated. The Jews surrendered to Byzantines in 628 CE and Christians massacred all Jerusalem’s Jews except those who fled to Egypt. The Byzantine lost Palestine to Muslim Arabs in 637 CE.
Jews of pre-Muslim Babylon (219–638 CE)
After the fall of Jerusalem, Jewish communities started in Babylonia (Iraq) when Jehoiachin exiled the Tribe of Judah to Babylon in 597 BCE and in 586 BCE when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem, and in 135 CE after the Bar Kokhba revolt.
Jewish communities in Babylon Province grew from births and migrants from Israel. The Babylonian Jews ran Academies from 500 CE to 1038 CE. Colleges at Sura and Pumbedita wielded ideological leadership of the worldwide Jewish community in the early medieval era (in contrast to the Exilarch who wielded secular authority over the Jews in Islamic lands).
For the Jews of late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, Babylon’s academies of Babylonia served as a council of Jewish religious authorities. The academies were founded in pre-Islamic Babylonia under the Zoroastrian Sassanid dynasty and operated for four hundred years under the Islam’s caliphate.
Byzantine period (324–638 CE)
Jews, widespread and influential throughout the Roman Empire, lost much of their clout in the period of Byzantine rule in the central and eastern Mediterranean. The militant and exclusive Christianity and caesaropapism of the Byzantine Empire dissed Jews, whose wealth, power, and authority in the Empire declined. Byzantium tried to convert Jews to Christianity and the Jews revolted (351 CE). Emperor Gallus smashed the revolt and cities Tzippori and Lyddain Galilee.
Emperor Julian (361 to 363 CE) wanted the Roman Empire to return to Hellenism and encouraged the Jews to rebuild Jerusalem but when he died Christian bigots preached hate and distrust for Jews. In the 5th century, Emperor Theodosius forbade Jews from using Hebrew in services, marrying Christians, owning slaves, building new synagogues holding office or using courts against non-Jews.
Muslims drove the Byzantines from Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria after 636 CE. Jews fled Byzantine territories to live in the Islamic Caliphate. In the 4th century, the Jewish Kingdom of Semien (Ethiopia) lasted until the 17th century.
Islamic period (638–1099)
In 638 CE the Byzantine Empire lost control of the Levant. Arab Caliph Omar won Jerusalem, Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, and Egypt. He let Jews return to Jerusalem, where they worked as “the assayers of coins, the dyers, the tanners and the bankers in the community”. Jewish officials worked for the Arabs. Jews again became the majority in Jerusalem and lived in communities across Iraq.
In the 7th century, new Muslim rulers imposed land tax. Jews moved to Muslim Cities Bagdad and other cities in Iraq to avoid the tax and, in the cities, amassed greater wealth and international influence. When Baghdad declined in the 10th century, its Jews migrated to the Mediterranean region and spread Babylonian Jewish customs throughout the Jewish world.
Jews in early Muslim Spain (711–1031)
During Europe’s Middle Ages Muslims who ruled the Iberian Peninsula accepted Jews, whose religious, cultural, and economic life flowered. Jews flocked to Spain from the Africa Muslim conquest. Spain’s Jews allied with Spain’s Muslim rulers Abd-ar-Rahman III and Al-Hakam II and traded in silk and slaves. The Golden Age of the Jews in Spain ended when the Almohades, intolerant conservatives from North Africa took Spain.
12th Century Christian crusaders from Europes off to Jerusalem murdered Jews en route Rouen, Rhine Valley, Heidelberg “to avenge the crucifixion of Christ.”A huge loss of Jewish life took place. Many were forcibly converted to Christianity and many committed suicide, but the Christians took their kids to raise as Christians.
1099 CE: Jews helped Arabs defend Jerusalem against the Crusaders. When the city fell, the Crusaders herded Jews into a synagogue burned it and them. Jewish communities in Jerusalem, Tiberias, Ramleh, Ashkelon, Caesarea, and Gaza couldn’t own land anymore and worked at trades and commerce in the coastal towns during peace times.
Mamluk period (1260–1517)
Israel, in Mamluk Empire from Turkey and Egypt, suffered wars, persecution and humiliation.
Spain, North Africa, and the Middle East
11th century Muslims in Spain inflicted pogroms in Cordoba in 1011 and Granada in 1066 CE. Rules in Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Yemen destroyed synagogues. Jews were forced to convert to Islam or die in Yemen, Morocco and Baghdad. Almohad Muslims, in control of much of Islamic Iberia by 1172, expelled Jews and Christians from Morocco and Islamic Spain.
Jewish populations have existed in the area of the former Roman Empire from early times. Jewish males took wives from local populations. These groups were joined by traders and diaspora members.
Between 800 and 1100, 1.5 million Jews lived in Christian Europe. Christians excluded them from the feudal system of clergy, knights and serfs so they did not perform corvee labor or soldier service. Kings, princes and bishops protected Jews who served them in finance, administration and medicine and who paid them taxes.
In 1300, Christians staged the Passion Plays which depicted Jews killing Christ and ramped up persecution of Jews and deportations, except, around 1500, when Jews again achieved prosperity in Poland. Europe’s Jewry was mainly urban and literate. The Christians forbade their faithful to loan money for interset, but Jews of Western Europe did loan for money. But when Jews amassed fortunes, kings confiscated the Jews’ wealth.
The People’s Crusade of 1096 razed Jewish towns on the Rhine and Danube. Second Crusade (1147) Christians murdered France’s Jews. The Shepherds’ Crusades of 1251 and 1320 killed more. The English expelled all Jews, France kicked out 1396 100,000 Jews, Austria, in 1421, booted thousands. Many Jews fled to Poland and prospered.
Spain and Portugal
Significant repression of Spain’s Jews occurred during the 14th century, notably a major pogrom in 1391 which resulted in the majority of Spain’s 300,000 Jews converting to Catholicism. With the conquest of the Muslim Kingdom of Granada in 1492, the Catholic monarchs issued the Alhambra Decree whereby Spain’s remaining 100,000 Jews were forced to choose between conversion and exile. As a result, an estimated 50,000 to 70,000 Jews left Spain, the remainder joining Spain’s already numerous Converso community. Perhaps a quarter of a million Conversos thus were gradually absorbed by the dominant Catholic culture, although those among them who secretly practiced Judaism were subject to 40 years of intense repression by the Spanish Inquisition. This was particularly the case up until 1530, after which the trials of Conversos by the Inquisition dropped to 3% of the total. Similar expulsions of Sephardic Jews occurred 1493 in Sicily (37,000 Jews) and Portugal in 1496. The expelled Spanish Jews fled mainly to the Ottoman Empire and North Africa and Portugal. A small number also settled in Holland and England.
Port Jews are Jews in the 17th and 18th European maritime economy who arrived as Inquisition refugees and deportees from Iberia. They settled in port cities as merchants in Amsterdam, London, Trieste and Hamburg.
During the Classical Ottoman period (1300–1600), Jews prospered, predominant trade and diplomacy.
30 Jewish communities existed in Safed, Haifa, Sh’chem, Hebron, Ramleh, Gaza, and Jerusalem. Jews lived in Turkey for more than 2,400 years.
In the 17th century, Poland had the largest Jewish population in Europe that dated back to 13th century and enjoyed relative prosperity and freedom for four hundred years. But Cossacks killed hundreds thousands of Polish and Lithuanian Jews in the Chmielnicki uprising (1648) and Swedish wars (1655). Jews were often restricted from land ownership, or forced to live in ghettos.
With Poland was broken-up in the late 18th century, the Jewish population was split between the Russian Empire, Austro-Hungary, and Prussia.
The European Enlightenment and Haskalah (18th century)
Jews in the 18th century agitated for release from restrictive laws and interest in national Jewish identity grew, including a revival–the Haskalah movement launched the Reform and Conservative movements, suggested Zionism, but also blending into the countries where Jews lived. At the same time, however, an opposite movement, Hasidic Judaism preached against blending.
Napoleon invited Jews to leave the Jewish ghettos in Europe in the countries that offered equality under Napoleonic Law By 1871 every European country except Russia freed its Jews. But new antisemitism held that Jews were an inferior race to Aryan people. Political parties in France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary campaigned to degrade Jews. State-sponsored pogroms in Russia in the late 19th century led many jews to think they’d only be safe in their own country.
Jewish migrated to the U.S. and created a large community mostly freed of the restrictions of Europe. 2 million Jews moved to America from 1890 to 1924, most from Russia and Eastern Europe. Many Jews relocated to Argentina and Uruguay.
During the 1870s and 1880s Jews in Europe contemplated immigration back to Israel. Immigrants from the “Hovevei Zion” movement started the first Zionist commune there in 1882. Later the “Bilu” movement founded many other settlements in Israel. “The Zionist movement was founded officially after the Kattowitz convention (1884) and the World Zionist Congress (1897); Theodor Herzl led the fight for a state for in Israel for Jews.
In WWI, England captured Palestine from the Ottomans and,in the Balfour Declaration of 1917 promised Jews a home in Israel. In 1920 the British Mandate of Palestine began with Herbert Samuel High Commissioner; big Jewish immigration waves followed. But large-scale Jewish immigration aroused Britain to violently oppose Jewish settlement and Arab gangs murdered Jews in Israel. After the 1920 Arab riots and 1921 Jaffa riots, the Jews created the Haganah organization to protect them in time to deal with Palestinian riots in 1929 Palestine riots and from 1936 to 1939. Britain backtracked from the idea of a Jewish state to speculate one of a binational solution or an Arab state that would have a Jewish minority.
In 1933, Hitler and the Nazi party in Germany imposed Anti-Jewish laws. Many Jews fled Germany to Palestine, the U.S., and the Soviet Union.
By 1941 Hitler took Poland and most of Europe, including Poland, France, and much of the USSR, where millions of Jews lived. Hitler instituted the Final Solution to torture and kill all Jews and killed six million. Survivors agitated for a Jewish state in Palestine.
State of Israel Established
The Jewish Resistance Movement attacked the British ruling Palestine. Chaim Weizmann, president of the World Zionist Organization appealed to the movement to stop military activity and the Haganah but not the resistance organizations, the Irgun and Lehi, which kept fighting the Brits.
The WZO leaders employed illegal immigration to Palestine to bolster the push for a Jewish state in Palestine. The leaders smuggled in a massive number of Jewish war refugees from Europe. This immigration led the Brits to let the United Nations decide the fate of Palestine.
On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 181(II) which said to partition Palestine into an Arab state, a Jewish state and the City of Jerusalem. The Jewish leadership accepted the decision; the Arab League and the Palestinian Arabs opposed it and led to the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
British troops left Palestine and on May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion proclaimed the State of Israel. In 1949 the war ended and Israel started integrating waves of hundreds of thousands of Jews from all over the world.
Since 1948, Israel has been involved in a series of major military conflicts–the 1956 Suez Crisis, 1967 Six-Day War, 1973 Yom Kippur War, 1982 Lebanon War, and 2006 Lebanon War, as well as constant ongoing fights.
Israel’s a parliamentary democracy of 8 million people, of whom 6 million are Jewish. The largest Jewish communities are in Israel and the United States, with major communities in France, Argentina, Russia, England, and Canada.
Judaism and Jews constitute .2% of the religious, 14,551,000 people–9th in size among contemporary extant religions. [Encyclopedia Britannica & Adherents.com]
JEWISH SURVIVAL MODELS PERSEVERANCE
“The Jewish people are awesomely resilient. OUR CONTINUED SURVIVAL CAN BE NOTHING LESS THAN DIVINE” –Dr. Henry Abramson
Anunnaki men from the planet Nibiru, posing as gods since Noah’s flood, created war, political fanaticism and religion to secure obedience to them and hierarchic, top-down authority with them at the top.
In Anunnaki-promulgated dominator religions men boss women, control resources and often condone killing non-believers. They manipulate guilt and shame around food, sex and pleasure. Anunnaki religions are viruses. They infect families that poison the minds of their descendants through generations.
Enlightened individuals and groups within every Dominator religion transcend rigid hierarchy, status-obsession, female suppression, slavery and murderous leadership of their traditions and instead embrace spiritual experiences, universal empathy, partnership and nondual awareness.
ANUNNAKI, DOMINATION-CONSCIOUSNESS RELIGIONS (hotlinked)
ANTI-DOMINATION SPIRITUAL PRACTICES
**ANUNNAKI EVOLUTION OF THE GODS
by Sasha Alex Lessin, Ph.D. (Anthropology, UCLA) & Janet Kira Lessin (CEO, Aquarian Radio)
Long-lived (hundreds of thousands of years) extraterrestrial Homo Sapien Goliaths from the planet Nibiru mined gold on Earth 400,000 years ago. 300,000 years ago they created Earth-adapted, short-lived mine slaves—that’s us–from their genome. We called them “Anunnaki,” People-From-The-Sky or Serpent-People. They taught us hierarchy, violence, greed, slavery, debt. They made us worship them, call them “gods.”
200,000 years ago, Enki, their Chief Scientist, begat a line of Earthlings whom he exalted. In 11,000 [all dates to follow are—before the common era—unless otherwise designated] Enki and his lover Batanash begat Noah. After Noah’s flood, Anunnaki ruled through Noah’s sons’ descendants.
The Anunnaki ruined their eastern Mediterranean cities with nuclear blasts and fallout storms. Most of Anunnaki returned to Nibiru by 311 BCE.
But some stayed. They and their descendants (the power elite) rule us to this day.
The Anunnaki taught one-upmanship. We watched them kill each other to rule; the elite today still kill each other and each others’ followers. Our ancestors plundered, enslaved or killed whomever their master, the dominant Nibiran in their area, told them. We Earthlings still plunder, enslave and kill whomever our elites tell us.
The Anunnaki loosed plagues, nuclear bombs and other weapons of mass killing upon us. They forced mutually unintelligible languages and scripts upon us and withheld knowledge. They and their spawn made exclusive, hostile nations and religions to keep us divided. They addicted us to credit institutions to keep us slaving.
The Anunnaki stand feet taller and live millennia longer than we. We killed in their names: Allah (= Sumerian Nannar), Yahweh (Enlil, sometimes Adad) and Inanna (Ishtar)–Nibiran Expedition personnel all. They bred us to slave in mines, armies, businesses, schools, governments, farms, factories, brothels and building projects.
We worshipped and them and the “royal” lines of ever-murderous hybrid rulers and priests–the elite–they begat.
Most of the Anunnaki returned to Nibiru. A few who remained on Earth and the hybrids through whom they still rule give all factions and nations credit and arms and engineer wars among them. The elite run competing religions which each say they’ll bring back the Anunnaki god of their faith and defeat gods and followers of other faiths.
The ancient scenarios of divide-and-rule, to this very day, make us deplete our resources, pollute our environment and wage war. The matrix the Anunnaki modeled makes us recklessly exploit our resources and pollute. The elite and their ET controllers see that we never feel our unity as a planet of peace.
Anunnaki and hybrid overseers imprinted their greed, one-upmanship and dominator-consciousness on us. They modeled, dictated and indoctrinated avarice, domination, slavery, competition, hate and violence.
Yahweh and Allah-Nannar murdered many. These Anunnaki lacked compassion, showed neither love nor divinity.
Other Anunnaki–Enki, Ningishzidda and Ninmah–love us and continue to work to free us from the mental virus with which Yahweh and Allah have infected us. Enki, Ninmah and Ningishzidda can, when we stop warring, advance our astronomy, medicine, energy, rocket science and survival strategies.
The Anunnaki dictated their world view to Earthling scribes of Iraq (then called Sumer). Clay tablets the gods dictated say that back on Nibiru, a king and his military ruled. The gods dictated tales of how, 450,000 years ago, they got gold from Earth and how, till 300,000 years ago, when they created us for the mines, they shipped the gold back to Nibiru. Their tales of their stay on Earth before they made our ancestors as well as what our forefathers directly saw, imprinted us with the values of their hierarchic, male-run, master-slave-enemy mentality. We assumed values of extraction, pollution, monetary monopoly and obsession with gold.
Millions of years before the Anunnaki got to Earth, other ET terraformers seeded hominoids here. The terraformers introduced advanced hominoids, ancestors of Erectus, Neanderthal and Bigfoot, to Earth so the Anunnaki could implant Erectus genes into their Homo Sapien genome and thus adapt their genome to Earth. The Anunnaki created what the terraformers planned for us—they made us Homo Sapien like them but adapted to Earth [Pye, 2013]. Eighty percent of our DNA is from off-planet [Tellinger, 2011b].
We progressed when the Anunnaki gave us new technologies. Every 3,600 years, they gave us marvelous devices, astronomical and geological information, new crops, new chemistry and ever-more lethal weapons. Suddenly, our architecture, public projects, weaponry, and military training revved up and we build new cities, temples and armies.
Our Sumerian ancestors didn’t imagine gods who made them literate and told them what to write. Rather than make up gods, Sumerians saw, heard and bred with Anunnaki as very tall, long-lived. Sumerians watched the giants run machines and computers; they saw them fire weapons of mass destruction. They saw Anunnaki with small devices, MEs, overpower other Anunnaki.
Sumerians saw Anunnaki speak into devices and heard voices respond. The Anunnaki said the voices came from spacecraft beyond sight and the moon, southern Africa, the Andes and the Indus Valley, as well as from visible rockets, shuttlecraft, orbiting stations and planes.
In Sumer, then all over this planet, the gods gave our ancestors ever-advanced technologies and models so their half-breeds could rule, relate, mine, store data, compute, write, build, trade and war.
Mesopotamians, Egyptians, Indians, Norse, Chinese, Tibetans, Central and South Americans all spoke of these gods who rode Celestial Chariots, threw thunderbolts and, when Nibiru neared Earth, gave us crops, herds, devices, medicine, laws, knowledge and more Nibiran genes.
In 2000, Zecharia Sitchin showed us clay and stone proof. Rocks and inscribed records astronomical, geological, geographical, chemical and biological info Sumerians said gods gave them, info our scientists only got millennia later.
Sitchin solved the mysteries of missing hominid links never found since they didn’t exist. He showed how they periodically uplevel our society and its industries. No missing physical links existed since we appeared suddenly when Enki and his cohorts added Erectus genes to their genome. We got advanced technology when Sumerian “gods” gave it to us.
Sumerians tagged Anunnaki aircraft, submarines, helicopters, spaceships, weapons and computers with their own words and words the gods taught them. Our ancestors called aircraft and rockets “skyships, “celestial chariots” and “fire-breathing dragons.” They named helicopters “whirlbirds.” A whale that swallowed Jonah = a submarine; weapons = “brilliances.” We labeled Nibiran medical and scientific achievements “miracles.”
Our ancestors recorded the history, scientific words and concepts the gods taught them. What gods called “MEs” we call computer programs. Our cultures added descriptions, metaphors, similes and analogies to the words the gods gave us. We can now decode our ancestors’ metaphors for the gods and their technology instead of dismissing the weapons, vehicles and personalities of gods as superstitious myths.
Unless ETs intervene to save us or the weight of Sumerian evidence convinces Muslims, Jews and Christians to give up their fear gods, their compulsions to unquestioningly obey governmental and religious authorities, their impulse to crush others and the mental programs with which the genocidal Anunnaki imposed on us to keep us divided and conquered, we’ll keep warring.
We are one family and we’ve all been duped by the Anunnaki and their halfbreed successor-line of murderous manipulators. We must recover our oneness as a species. As we face new ET demands for our allegiance and gold, we can negotiate for life extension, medicine, free energy, space transport and other ET technologies. We and they can support each other and face our common challenges–environmental, social and psychological.
The truth of our genetics frees us from the master-slave, god-devotee, boss-worker, lord-tenant model the ETs imposed on us. We can end physical and economic slavery, hierarchic obsession, derogation of women, gold lust, antagonistic religions and nations the gods and the hybrid elite they created dictated.
Free of short, desperate lives, we’ll create our future. We’ll activate our latent Nibiran genes, better our genome and join galactic civilization.
*** JEWISH HISTORY AS PER WIKIPEDIA 9/24/20
ANUNNAKI & ANCIENT ANTHROPOLOGY EVIDENCE, REFERENCES, TIMELINE & WHO’S WHO
More on the gods of old who gave us Anunnaki religions